463.com高分卷·三·家庭在教育中的作用

  ②More families consist ofone-parent households or two working
parents; consequently, children are likelyto have less supervision at
home than was common in the traditional familystructure。

Reduce/ prevent youth crime
Become law-abiding citizens

  ⑤所有这些条件往往会增加青少年犯罪的可能性,尽管它们之间直接的因果关系还没有确定。

Teenagers often act on impulse and get into trouble with their
parents.

  3.XKF会对青少年犯罪率产生影响:XKFis thought to be an influence on
juvenile crime rates。

Expect their children to do exactly what they are told
Stifle their creativity
Damage their self-esteem

  ③This lack of parentalsupervision is thought to be an influence on
juvenile crime rates。

9 Behavior problems

  2.由单亲家庭构成:consistof one-parent households

Internet addiction
Spend too much time online
Weaken family bonds
Feel disconnected from each other
Cause family conflict/ high divorce rate

  6.可确定的原因:identifiablecauses

4 Parenting style/ child-rearing style

  ②单亲家庭或者父母都要上班的家庭越来越多,这样一来,家庭对孩子的管教比传统家庭可能会少一些。

(School) prepare students to be…
Produce well-rounded individuals

  8.某事发生越来越多:thegrowing incidence of something

Lack self-control
Do not think about the consequences of their actions
Commit a crime

  ④其他可以找到的犯罪行为的原因包括在学校的挫折和失败、毒品和酒越来越容易获得、虐待孩子和忽视孩子的事件越来越多。

Feel lonely and isolated

  我们之前说过,复习考研[微博]463.com,英语要注重真题,在记忆词汇和练习阅读理解、翻译题的时候要结合真题做搭配记忆,并辅以相应的练习,下面我们就以真题为例,从中摘取出容易出现的考点,让2016的考生更深刻地领会“搭配记忆”法。

Half of young adults who dropped out of school regretted their
decision later.

  ①这些年,家庭也发生了一些变化。

Strengthen family bonds
Family bonding activities

  【相关真题】

Are understanding and supportive
Respect their feelings
Support their choices
Respect their individuality

  4.增加可能性:increasethe probability

Teach children the difference between right and wrong
Teach children about social responsibility

  结构提示:than was common in the traditional
familystructure体现比较的逻辑关系,比较的双方是现在的孩子与传统家庭的孩子。

Unruly students
Drop out of school

  结构提示:frustration or failure in school, theincreased
availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of
childabuse and child neglect里并列的名词短语共同组成句子的宾语。

Spoil their children
Permissive parents
(Children) can behave as they please

  ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or
failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and
the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect。

5 Emotional health/ emotional well-being

  “搭配记忆法”对我们记忆单词、攻克翻译题有很大的帮助,但任何巧妙的方法都需要在长久的练习中熟能生巧,希望大家在以后的复习过程中,能按照这种方法把真题吃透,日积月累,你会发现效果真的不错!

Western parents try to respect their children’s individuality.

  来源:文都教育

Are influenced by peer pressure
Positive peer pressure ➡️ Increase their motivation to learn
Negative peer pressure ➡️ drug abuse, teenage sex, school bullying,
youth crime

  【高频考点】

Provide them with emotional support
(Children) Seek advice from parents
Damage their emotional health

  ③缺乏父母监督被认为对青少年犯罪率有一定的影响。

This program aims to promote emotional health among young people.

  【翻译练习】

Monitor their children’s academic performance
Are more involved in their children’s education

  1.发生变化:experiencechanges

Peer pressure
Are in their formative years
Often act on impulse

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